### J1407b – Astronomical discovery- Saturn vs Super Saturn J1407b Vs Jupiter- Distance from Earth & Sun, Size of the rings, Location

“This planet is much larger than Jupiter or Saturn, and its ring system is roughly 200 times larger than Saturn’s rings are today,” said co-author Mamajek, professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Rochester. “You could think of it as kind of a super Saturn.” Saturn is the 6th planet from the sun and the second largest planet in our solar system. Like fellow gas giant Jupiter, Saturn is a massive ball made mostly of hydrogen and helium. Saturn has a special significance in having a ring of small solid particles around it. It is known as the rings of Saturn. These rings have an extensive radius of 282,000 disks around the planet, mainly comprise of tiny rock particles and dust. But what is the Super Saturn J1407b size? What is the size of the J1407b rings? J1407b vs Saturn vs Jupiter. Lots of questions are here with approx. answers from the different sources of the internet. Let’s start with the first query.

## How big is Super Saturn J1407b? What is the size of it?

Earth vs Super Saturn J1407b: If you know the size difference of the Earth and Jupiter then you can easily calculate the size difference between the Earth and Super Saturn J1407b. Well, let me tell you this, Jupiter has a diameter of about 88,695 miles (142,800 kilometers) which is more than 11 times the diameter of Earth. Its volume is over 1,300 times the volume of Earth.

Astronomers estimate that the ringed companion J1407b has an orbital period roughly a decade in length. The mass of J1407b has been difficult to constrain, but it is most likely in the range of about 10 to 40 Jupiter masses.

## Who discovered Super Saturn J1407b?

The ring system that they saw eclipse the extremely young Sun-like star J1407 is of tremendous proportions, far larger and heavier than the ring system of Saturn, according to astronomer Eric Mamajek of the University of Rochester and his co-author from the Leiden Observatory in the Netherlands. A team led by Eric Mamajek of Rochester made the first discovery of its kind outside of our solar system in 2012 when they uncovered the ring system.

## How far is Super Saturn J1407b from the earth and the sun?

The distance between the Earth and Super Saturn J1407b is nearly 434 years, if you travel at the speed of the light. It contains 37 rings with a diameter of 74-90million miles or 120 million km, approximately. It is so massive that we can see this planet from the Earth at night. The rings of J1407b are 640 times bigger than the Saturn.  Well, as much we known, Earth-Sun distance of 150 million kilometers and 1 light year equals to 5,878,625,370,000 miles.

## Super Saturn J1407b vs Saturn

Researchers find a distant super planet with rings 200 times the size of Saturn. J1407b would take up most of the night sky on Earth if it were in our solar system.

The rings surrounding J1407b would be far larger than the full moon and be plainly visible at night, according to Matthew Kenworthy of the Leiden Observatory in the Netherlands.

The first ringed planet discovered outside of our solar system, according to astronomers, is a super world with a girdle of halos 200 times larger than Saturn’s. Since planet J1407b is too hot (approximately 1,000 to 2,000 degrees Celsius) to host ice rings like those surrounding Saturn, they are most likely formed of dust. According to Professor Kenworthy, the planet itself likely has a mass between 10 and 40 times that of Jupiter.

## How many moons does Super Saturn J1407b has?

According to a wide gap in the rings, J1407b may perhaps contain at least one moon the size of Earth or Mars. This is the first time that this form of ring system has been discovered outside of the solar system.

However, the fact that this star and all of its components are only 16 million years old, as opposed to the sun’s 4.59 billion years, still raises a possible issue. If the rings are so young, they should eventually condense into moons, just as Saturn did early in the development of our own solar system. It’s an amazing coincidence that astronomers were able to find it at such a fleeting point in its life.

## Where does super Saturn J1407b located?

Location of J1407b: Located 433.8 light-years from Earth in the constellation of Centaurus, J1407b is an extrasolar planet.

## Saturn vs Super Saturn J1407b

Saturn vs J1407b: Saturn is the 6th planet from the sun and the second largest planet in our solar system. Like fellow gas giant Jupiter, Saturn is a massive ball made mostly of hydrogen and helium. Saturn has a special significance in having a ring of small solid particles around it. It is known as the rings of Saturn. These rings have an extensive radius of 282,000 disks around the planet, mainly comprise of tiny rock particles and dust.
Saturn is unique among the planets, although it is not the only planet to have rings which are made of chunks of ice and rock. But none are as spectacular as Saturns. As a gas giant, Saturn doesn’t have a true surface. The planet is mostly swirling gasses and liquids deep down. While a spacecraft would have nowhere to land on Saturn, it wouldn’t be able to fly through it either.

The extreme pressures and temperatures deep inside the planet would crush, melt and vaporize the spacecraft trying to fly into the planet. But now scientists have come to know that Saturn is not the only planet to have an amazing ring system. There is a planet known as J 1407 P. It is a gas giant with a massive ring system. The planet possesses one of the largest known ring systems in the galaxy.

You can call it the actual Lord of the Rings for obvious reason. This gas giant has nearly 37 rings, which account for a diameter of 120,000,000 km, which is more than 200 times as large as the rings of Saturn you can imagine. The vastness as the distance of sun from Earth is only 148,000,000 km, which makes its rings almost the distance between Earth and the sun. Unfortunately, this planet is 460 light years away from us, so it’s practically not possible to visit this planet anytime soon. Even if we travel at the speed of light, which is the fastest possible speed in the universe, it will take 460 years to visit this planet.

But it would be amazing to watch the substantial rings with our eyes. If we put this planet rings in the place of Saturns, the rings could be seen from the Earth with naked eyes. Wouldn’t it be an amazing view?

Moreover, they will appear 100 times bigger than a full moon. As this planet is mostly made of gaseous matter, you cannot land or walk on the surface of the planet. But it would not be less astonishing just to see a planet with such huge rings. Space scientists have declared J 1407 B as a planet, but it may be somewhere between a planet and a star. Considering its huge mass, this giant can be called as, a brown dwarf.

A brown dwarf is an object that has a size between a gas giant planet like Jupiter and a small star. It is feared that this planet will not always stay like this, which means the rings may not sustain long. The rings may be transformed into moons of the planet, just like Saturn’s 82 moons. Researchers believe in the fact that J 1407 B is a younger planet than Saturn. This planet is only 16 million years old, but Saturn is four 5 billion years old.

It is also now assumed that Saturn or Jupiter may had enormous rings around in their earlier days. In the long run, these rings may have converted into their moons. How did astronomers discover this amazing planet? First, you need to know the method used for detecting exoplanets, which means planets outside our solar system. Most exoplanets are detected using something called the transit method.

When a planet passes in front of its star, it’s called a transit. As the planet transits in front of the star, it blocks out a little bit of the star’s light. That means a star will look a little less bright when the planet passes in front of it. Astronomers can observe how the brightness of the star changes during a transit. This can help them figure out the size of the planet.

By studying the time between transits, astronomers can also find out how far away the planet is from its star. This tells us something about the planet’s temperature. If a planet is just the right temperature, it could contain liquid water, which is an important ingredient for life. Now coming back to super Saturn. The discovery of the giant rings was completely accidental.

In 2011, Mark Peckaut was looking at data from the Super Wasp exoplanet search. He was interested in stars, not planets. But the Super Wasp archive had data on these as well, and in particular on the rotation rates of young stars. All of the stars looked unremarkable, except for one. He noticed an odd waxing and waning of the star’s light.
He knew that he had found something remarkably weird. Instead of dimming slightly for a few hours, as would happen if a planet passed in front of the star, this star had flickered for about two months, dimmer then a little brighter than dimmer again. At first, he thought he is just looking at noise in the camera, but the information was extraordinarily clear. He said it’s one of the most beautiful datasets I’ve ever seen. The astronomers realized right away that they might be looking at a system of rings passing in front of the star.

But for the rings passage to last two months, they would have to be gigantic, much larger than any ever seen before. The team worked hard to see if there could be another explanation that could be dimming the star. After a year of research, they finally announced their discovery in 2012. Hey guys, thanks for watching. If you liked the video, then make sure to subscribe to our channel.